Music Literacy-Sex, Race, and Attitudes

This week I would like to take a look at age and the effects of media literacy and music consumption.  Upon Reading “A Review and Meta-Analysis Examining the Relationship of Music Content with Sex, Race, Primin, and Attitudes by Timmerman, Allen, Jorgensen, Herrett-Skjellum, Kramer, & Ryan, I thought it would be an interesting addition to my blog this week.  The article examines the relationship between listening to music and listeners behaviors.  “One conclusion is that efforts toward media literacy or education may prove far mor productive than media content restrictions when attempting to curb potential undesirable media effects.”  Music is all around us.  It is a part of our social system.  Many people use music to represent feelings, politics, emotions.  These can be feelings of rebellion, alienation, ect.  Many people also listen to songs that represent their religion.  The question though is are adolescents more effected by music due to lack of experience or media literacy.  If we teach young people in our society more about music literacy maybe the music will be less likely to be a basis for action. Once fear is that adolescents may rely on themes from music as a source of information.

Many people believe that the music you listen to has a major effect on your beliefs.  For example the article mentions a correlation between Marilyn Manson and similar artists and adolescents adopting similar clothing and attitudes.  For example the article refers to a “correlation between the amount of heavy metal consumption and beliefs in the paranormal.”  Another example would be rap artists and adolescents views toward sex and acceptance of violence against women.  Music is not the only factor in adopting behaviors from popular music but once these themes are confirmed by peers the behavior is more likely happen.

The article references a table that examines exposure to music and then the subsequent engagement in some action or behavior.  “A positive correlation in the findings would indicate that the prior exposure to music served to increase the outcomes associated with subsequent engagement in various behaviors.” In the following table the names of the studies are listed followed by the sex of the participants.  The “r” column is the relationship between music exposure and behaviors.  The “N” column is the number of participants in the study.

The results indicated that exposure to music increases overall anti-social behavior and beliefs.  I believe that if people were educated in media literacy the effects of music and other mediums would be less as time goes on.  We are surrounded by media and it is important to note that media does have some effects on our actions an beliefs.

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